St. Louis, May 11, 2022 – Edward Jones’ and Age Wave’s latest representative study of more than 11,000 North American adults, “Longevity and the New Journey of Retirement,” examines the changing definition of retirement, the patterns of people’s experience in retirement and the keys to thriving along the way. Despite Americans’ worries about health care and long-term care costs in retirement, they still desire to live longer, and nearly seven in 10 Americans (69%) want to live to age 100.
Americans who want to live to 100 indicated that they hope to live longer because they want to spend more years with family and friends (35%), they are enjoying life and want to continue doing so (23%), they are curious about the future (19%) and there is so much more they want to do (18%). Only 6% said they wanted to live longer because they are afraid of dying. Additionally, retirees now say the ideal length of retirement is 29 years.
On the contrary, some Americans indicated that they would not want the extra longevity if they were suffering with terrible health (32%), if they became a burden on their families (29%), if they had serious cognitive loss like that of Alzheimer’s disease (20%), or if they no longer had purpose in life (14%).
Not Your Parents’ Retirement: A Whole New Chapter In Life
The definition of retirement has vastly changed from that of previous generations. Pre-retirees* and retirees view their parents’ version of retirement as a time for “rest and relaxation.” However, when asked about their own retirement today, only 27% see today’s retirement as “a time for rest and relaxation,” while 55% define it as “a new chapter in life.”
“Today’s retirees enjoy a growing array of opportunities to stay engaged, possibly reinvent themselves and enjoy the freedoms of this stage of life. This is definitely not their parents’ or grandparents’ retirement,” said Ken Cella, Principal, Branch Development at Edward Jones. “At the same time, they face new challenges, especially around their health, their finances and finding a new definition of purpose.”
Edward Jones and Age Wave also found blurred lines around what people think marks the beginning of retirement. The top milestones that pre-retirees and retirees view as the “start” of this chapter include stopping full-time work (34%), receiving Social Security and/or a pension (22%), leaving one’s job/career (17%) and achieving financial independence (17%). Only 10% said the start of retirement meant reaching a certain age.
This changing definition is reflected in pre-retirees’ and retirees’ retirement plans, as a majority (59%) want to work in some way during their retirement, with 22% looking to work part time, 19% hoping to cycle between work and leisure and 18% wishing to work full time.
Uncovering Four New Retirement Stages And Four Different Journey Paths
Edward Jones and Age Wave’s research defined the four new stages of retirement: Anticipation (0-10 years before retirement), Liberation/Disorientation (0-2 years after retirement), Reinvention (3-14 years after retirement, and Reflection/Resolution (15+ years after retirement). Each stage presents unique expectations, priorities, challenges, hopes and helpful planning for retirement.
In the heart of retirement (Reinvention), the study further identified four distinct journey paths characterized by people’s attitudes and ambitions, retirement preparations and their level of enjoyment of life in retirement. By examining the trajectory of these paths, the researchers also uncovered how decisions and strategies for living throughout the early and middle years of life can impact the retirement years – both negatively and positively.
The four paths identified in the research include:
- Purposeful Pathfinders: This group enjoys the greatest well-being in retirement and is happy, engaged, productive and contributory. They are best prepared for life in retirement and 78% say they are in great shape financially. They began saving for retirement earlier than all the other groups, on average at age 34.
- Relaxed Traditionalists: Pursuing a more traditional retirement of rest and relaxation, this group had a smooth transition and are well-prepared. Most (81%) retired when they chose, and while they are the most open to relocating, including to adult-living communities, they have fewer aspirations for personal growth or giving back than Purposeful Pathfinders.
- Challenged yet Hopefuls: This group leads active lives and have focused on self-improvement, but their lives in retirement are constrained and uncertain due to insufficient financial preparation. Half say they often worry about outliving their money and this taints nearly all their future hopes. They began saving for retirement later than all the other groups, at age 45, and over half with retirement accounts (54%) have made early withdrawals along the way.
- Regretful Strugglers: The largest of the four groups (31%), these challenged individuals are the least prepared for retirement, are the most unhappy and overall feel the least positive about life. 43% say they are financially worse off in retirement than during their working years. The majority (59%) say they have many regrets in life, and 42% feel that life has dealt them a bad hand.
“We are witnessing the birth of a new retirement with unique stages and journey paths for everyone,” said Ken Dychtwald, Ph.D., psychologist/gerontologist and founder and CEO of Age Wave. “Successful retirees have enjoyed a mostly positive, satisfying life and are looking forward to the years ahead. Their emotional intelligence and hard-earned resilience can provide invaluable guidance as tomorrow’s retirees contemplate how to best plan to fulfill their hopes and dreams for retirement.”
Early Action Is Key To Successfully Navigating The Retirement Journey
While everyone’s experience of retirement is different, one thing is clear from the research: Retirees who report better quality of life took more steps decades in advance to prepare and plan across all the four pillars of Finances, Purpose, Family, and Health. From saving early and consistently and developing healthy habits to communicating with close family and discovering passions and interests, there are several steps pre-retirees and those early in retirement can take to make the most of their retirement.
The value of financial foresight cannot be underestimated, as the traditional “three-legged stool” for funding retirement – pensions, Social Security and personal savings – has become even more wobbly, and unexpected expenses can arise in retirement. Working Americans must double down on the third leg of the stool: saving. According to the study, retirees say they started saving for retirement at age 38 on average, but in retrospect, they should have started saving nearly a decade earlier, at age 29. In addition to saving, other key pre-retirement actions to take include tending to ongoing health and preventive care, discussing retirement plans and goals with family and friends, beginning or expanding volunteering activity and working with a financial advisor, who can be instrumental in interpreting current market conditions and developing a holistic financial plan to better financially prepare for a 100-year lifespan, as well as the expenses that come with it.
“Edward Jones’ century of experience guiding clients through periods of immense volatility and waves of economic and societal change give us the benefit of hindsight to help current and future clients,” added Cella. “Understanding the way people today view retirement, and what changes retirees wish they could have made, improves our ability to serve them in a human-centered way and help them each achieve what’s most important to them and their families.”
In addition to these findings, the complete report dives deeper into the stages of retirement, highlights the four distinct journey paths in retirement and unveils how to achieve the best quality of life in retirement, leveraging the preparation actions and behaviors of those who are thriving in retirement as a benchmark. To access the report and for more details on Longevity and the New Journey of Retirement, please visit https://www.edwardjones.com/newretirement.
*Pre-retirees are defined as those ages 45 or older, planning to retire within the next 10 years.
This report is based on a large-scale investigation to better understand how to live well through the new journey of retirement. The study was conducted by Edward Jones in partnership with Age Wave and The Harris Poll.
The study began with qualitative research consisting of a three-day online forum conducted Sept. 28-30, 2021 (n=40) and six 90-minute online focus group discussions conducted Oct. 5-7, 2021 (n=36). The online forum and online focus groups included adults age 45+ from the U.S. and Canada who were retired or within 10 years of retirement.
Nationally representative surveys of more than 11,000 people were conducted online in January and February 2022. The main survey included roughly 6,000 U.S. adults and 1,000 Canadian adults age 45+ who are retired or within 10 years of retirement. Additional omnibus surveys included over 4,000 U.S. adults age 18+. Results were weighted where necessary to bring them into line with their actual proportions in the population.