Wells Fargo’s former chief executive and former head of Wells Fargo’s Community Bank defrauded investors by using a metric that was inflated by accounts that were opened for consumers who did not ask for or want them, according to new charges filed by the Securities and Exchange Commission.
The SEC’s filings include settled charges against Former CEO and Chairman John G. Stumpf, who agreed to pay a $2.5 million penalty, and a litigated action alleging Community Bank chief Carrie L. Tolstedt committed fraud. The SEC previously filed settled charges against Wells Fargo for engaging in the misconduct.
“If executives speak about a key performance metric to promote their business, they must do so fully and accurately,” said Stephanie Avakian, Director of the SEC’s Division of Enforcement. “The Commission will continue to hold responsible not only the senior executives who make false and misleading statements but also those who certify to the accuracy of misleading statements despite warnings to the contrary.”
According to the SEC’s complaint against Tolstedt, from mid-2014 through mid-2016, Tolstedt publicly described and endorsed Wells Fargo’s “cross-sell metric” as a means of measuring Wells Fargo’s financial success despite the fact that this metric was inflated by accounts and services that were unused, unneeded, or unauthorized.
The complaint further alleges that Tolstedt signed misleading sub-certifications as to the accuracy of Wells Fargo’s public disclosures when she knew or was reckless in not knowing that statements in those disclosures regarding Wells Fargo’s cross-sell metric were materially false and misleading.
The SEC’s order against Stumpf finds that in 2015 and 2016 he signed and certified statements filed with the Commission, which he should have known were misleading, regarding both Wells Fargo’s Community Bank cross-sell strategy and its reported metric. According to the order, Stumpf failed to assure the accuracy of his certifications after being put on notice that Wells Fargo was misleading the public about the cross-sell metric.
The SEC’s complaint, filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California, charges Tolstedt with violating the antifraud provisions of the federal securities laws and seeks a permanent injunction, civil penalties, disgorgement with prejudgment interest, and an officer-and-director bar.
In the SEC’s administrative proceeding, Stumpf, without admitting or denying the SEC’s findings, has agreed to cease and desist from committing or causing any future violations of Sections 17(a)(2) and 17(a)(3) of the Securities Act of 1933 and to pay a civil penalty of $2.5 million. The SEC will combine this money with $500 million paid by Wells Fargo in a previous settlement and distribute the sum to harmed investors.