“Baby Boomers were born to be wild and their retirement promises to be even wilder. They are forging a new model of retirement that is a radical departure from that of previous generations,” said
Sixty-five percent of Baby Boomer workers plan to work past age 65 or do not plan to retire. Slightly more than half (52 percent) plan to continue working after they retire. Given widespread savings shortfalls, it is not surprising that 62 percent of the Baby Boomer workers who plan to work in retirement and/or past age 65 indicate that their main reason is income or health benefits. What is surprising is that 34 percent plan to work for enjoyment, including 18 percent who want to stay involved and 16 percent who enjoy what they do.
Are Employers Ready, Willing and Able to Accommodate Baby Boomers’ Vision of Retirement?
“Our research found that employers are generally supportive of their employees working past age 65 and delaying retirement and, in fact, are much more so than Baby Boomer workers believe to be the case,” said Collinson.
Eighty-eight percent of employers agree that they are supportive of their employees working past age 65 and delaying retirement, including 49 percent that “strongly agree” and 39 percent that “somewhat agree.” In contrast, Baby Boomer workers are less likely to believe that their employers are supportive: Only 73 percent agree that their employers are supportive with only 25 percent who “strongly agree” and 48 percent who “somewhat agree.”
“For most Baby Boomers, retirement is no longer a point in time at which one immediately stops working. It is now a phased transition which may involve shifting from full-time to part-time work, taking on a position which is more satisfying and/or less demanding, or pursuing an encore career. Few Baby Boomers expect to immediately stop working when they retire,” said Collinson. “This vision of a flexible, phased transition to retirement cannot be accomplished without employers having programs and employment practices in place to facilitate it.”
The survey found a deep disconnect between Baby Boomer workers’ expectations and employers’ retirement realities: Only 48 percent of employers have practices in place to enable shifting from full-time to part-time and even fewer (37 percent) allow taking on new positions that are less stressful or demanding. Moreover, this disconnect is amplified by even fewer Baby Boomer workers believing that their employers have such practices in place: Only 21 percent believe their employer will enable them to shift from full-time to part-time and only 12 percent say their employer will enable them to take positions which are less stressful or demanding.
“Fears are common in today’s society about potential age discrimination given that so many workers are planning to work past age 65 and delay retirement,” said Collinson. “Our survey asked employers about their supportiveness of workers’ delaying retirement and their perceptions of workers who are age 50 and older – and yielded very encouraging responses.”
The survey found that the vast majority of employers share positive perceptions of their workers age 50 and older:
- Eighty-seven percent say that their older workers are “a valuable resource for training and mentoring”;
- Eighty-six percent believe they are “an important source of institutional knowledge”; and,
- Eighty-two percent indicate they bring “more knowledge, wisdom, and life experience.”
The survey also found that many employers feel that older workers have higher healthcare costs (57 percent), but only 28 percent cite higher disability costs. In terms of productivity, only four percent of employers believe that older workers are less productive than their younger counterparts.
“Employers have a tremendous opportunity to engage pre-retirees in succession planning, training, and mentoring which can be beneficial from an overall workforce management perspective for both the employer and employees involved,” said Collinson. “However, our research found that only 35 percent of employers are tapping into this opportunity.”
Seven Ways Employers Can Help Baby Boomers Successfully Transition to Retirement
Baby Boomers are creating a new model for retirement that ultimately depends on employers updating their business practices. Employers can also do much more to help their employees financially prepare for retirement while maximizing the value and effectiveness of their retirement benefits.
Seven ways employers can help Baby Boomers and future generations successfully prepare and transition into retirement include:
- Facilitate a flexible and phased transition into retirement. Employers can do much more to accommodate older workers who want to transition into retirement – and by doing so, they can help optimize their own workforce management efforts, improve succession and continuity planning, provide employees with valuable training and mentoring, and enable pre-retirees greater flexibility to retire on their own terms.
- Assess effectiveness of retirement plan’s education offerings. Among employers that offer a 401(k) or similar plan to their employees, most provide retirement-planning educational offerings through their retirement plan provider(s). These resources range from online tools and calculators to professional investment advice and even informational seminars, meetings, webinars, and workshops. However, these tools are not found to be as useful as plan sponsors may expect. For example, only 60 percent of Baby Boomers find the online tools and calculators to be helpful.
- Offer assistance for workers’ financial transition to retirement. Pre-retirees face a myriad of complex financial decisions regarding when and how they financially transition into retirement. Plan sponsors of 401(k) or similar plans have a tremendous opportunity to work with their retirement plan advisors and providers to offer transition-oriented resources and tools. The majority of plan sponsors provide planning materials and information about distribution options (i.e., a legal requirement); however, fewer than half offer financial counseling, pre-retirement seminars, or an annuity as a payout option as part of their plan. Plan sponsors can also assist by extending plan eligibility for part-time workers so Baby Boomers who are shifting from full-time to part-time have the opportunity to continue saving.
- Provide education about
Social Securityand Medicarebenefits. A strong knowledge of government benefits is especially important for pre-retirees. Decisions about these benefits can have life-long impacts and it is important for pre-retirees to make educated choices. Only 17 percent of Baby Boomers know “a great deal” about their Social Securitybenefits and only 13 percent about their Medicarebenefits. Employers can help by offering information about these government benefits. Just 27 percent of employers currently provide information about Social Securityand 29 percent about Medicare.
- Offer workplace benefits that can help serve as a backup plan or “Plan B.” Most workers value health and welfare benefits that can help serve as an important financial safety net in the event of catastrophic circumstances, yet comparatively few employers offer them. For example, 82 percent of Baby Boomer workers value disability insurance but only 57 percent indicate that they are offered it through their employer – thereby leaving a gap of 25 percentage points. Similar gaps are found with long-term care, critical illness, and cancer insurance, all of which are valued by Baby Boomer workers but relatively few are offered them.
- Promote the Saver’s Credit and Catch-Up Contributions. Employers can encourage their employees to save for retirement by promoting two meaningful tax incentives: the Saver’s Credit, a tax credit for low- to moderate-income workers who save for retirement in a qualified retirement plan or IRA; and Catch-Up Contributions, which allow workers age 50 and older to contribute to a qualified plan an additional amount over and above the plan- or IRA-contribution limit. Only 23 percent of Baby Boomer workers are aware of the Saver’s Credit and only 64 percent are aware of Catch-Up Contributions.
- Foster an age-friendly work environment. With so many Baby Boomers planning to work past age 65 and potential anxieties about age discrimination, employers have an opportunity to foster an age-friendly work environment for their employees of all ages. One way employers can communicate their commitment to diversity, including age and other demographic factors, is to adopt a diversity and inclusion policy statement that they widely communicate with employees and other interested parties. About half (48 percent) of employers say they have adopted a diversity and inclusion policy statement.
“Baby Boomers are once again breaking all the molds, challenging convention, and blazing a new trail for retirement that future generations will follow. While much depends on employers updating their business practices, Baby Boomers’ success also requires their own personal commitment and focus on saving, planning, and preparing for long-term financial security,” said Collinson.
Please visit TCRS www.transamericacenter.org to view the full survey report and additional materials. Follow TCRS on Twitter @TCRStudies.
About Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies®
The Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies® (TCRS) is a division of Transamerica Institute®, a nonprofit, private foundation.
About the 15th Annual
Employers. This telephone survey was conducted within the United Stated by Harris Poll on behalf of TCRS
Workers. This online survey was conducted within
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